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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 141-149

An assessment of the quality of life in hemodialysis patients using the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire


1 Department of Pharmacy Practice J.S.S. College of Pharmacy, Mysore - 570 015, India
2 Department of Nephrology, J S S Medical College Hospital, Mysore - 570 004, India

Correspondence Address:
G Parthasarathi
Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.S.S. College of Pharmacy, Mysore - 570 015
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.45288

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A cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the quality of life (QOL) of hemodialysis patients. An attempt was made to compare the QOL of hemodialysis patients with the QOL of the general population, renal transplant patients, and patients with a chronic disease, in this case, asthma. The WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire was used to assess the quality of life. Hemodialysis patients who had completed three months of maintenance hemodialysis ( n = 75) were enrolled into the study. The quality of life of hemodialysis patients was found to be significantly impaired ( P < 0.05) in comparison to healthy individuals of the general population, particularly with respect to the physical, psychological, and social relationship domains. In comparison to the quality of life of renal transplant patients, the quality of life of hemodialysis patients was significantly ( P < 0.05) lower in all the four WHOQOL-BREF domains. Only in the environmental dimension was the quality of life of hemodialysis patients found to be significantly lower than that of the asthma patients. Female hemodialysis patients showed significantly ( P < 0.05) lower quality of life than did male patients in the psychological and environmental dimensions of WHOQOL-BREF. A positive association was seen between higher education and the psychological functioning and the environmental dimensions of WHOQOL-BREF. Thus, the quality of life of hemodialysis patients was found to be considerably impaired when compared to that of healthy individuals of the general population as well as of renal transplant patients.






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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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Online since 20th Sept '07