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Images in Nephrology
24 (
4
); 260-261
doi:
10.4103/0971-4065.133043

Amelogenesis imperfecta and nephrocalcinosis syndrome

Department of Nephrology and SVIMS, Tirupati, India
Department Head Oral Medicine and Radiology, Osmania Dental College and Hospital, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
Address for correspondence: Dr. R. Ram, Department of Nephrology and SVIMS, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India. E-mail: ram_5_1999@yahoo.com
Licence

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Disclaimer:
This article was originally published by Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd and was migrated to Scientific Scholar after the change of Publisher.

An 18-year-old boy presented with pain in left flank of 2 days duration. He had no history of oliguria, dysuria, pyuria, hematuria, graveluria or swelling of feet or face. Examination revealed yellow colored teeth. The labial surfaces of lower teeth showed irregular horizontal enamel defects [Figure 1]. Rest of the general and systemic examination was unremarkable. Ultrasound abdomen revealed bilateral nephrocalcinosis. It was confirmed on a computed tomography [Figure 2]. The other investigations showed serum creatinine to be 0.9 mg/dl, blood urea 24 mg/dl, sodium 138 meEq/l, potassium 4.5 mEq/l, calcium 9.2 mg/dl, inorganic phosphate 3.2 mg/dl, alkaline phosphatase 180 IU/l, parathormone 69 pg/ml, vitamin D 25 ng/ml, bicarbonate 24 mmol/l and urine pH: 5.5. His parents’ marriage was a consanguineous one. His elder brother and father also had yellow colored teeth. He was diagnosed amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) of hypoplastic type with nephrocalcinosis syndrome.

Figure 1
Yellow teeth with horizontal enamel defects
Figure 2
Computed tomography scan abdomen: Nephrocalcinosis

AI represents a group of developmental conditions, genomic in origin, which affect the structure and clinical appearance of enamel of all or nearly all the teeth in a more or less equal manner. The prevalence varies from 1:700 to 1:14,000. It may show autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, sex-linked and sporadic inheritance patterns.[1] The association of AI and nephrocalcinosis was reported in 10 patients till now.[2] The autosomal recessive disorder, in which there are FAM20A gene mutations, causes nephrocalcinosis and AI (enamel renal syndrome).[3] AI is also reported to be associated with Bartter's syndrome[4] and distal renal tubular acidosis.[5]

Source of Support: Nil

Conflict of Interest: None declared.

References

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