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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 122-124

Pseudopheochromocytoma: An uncommon cause of malignant hypertension

Nephrology Department of Teaching Hospital, Aristide Le Dantec, Dakar, Senegal

Correspondence Address:
S M Seck
30 Avenue Pasteur, Dakar
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.57111

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A 42-year-old black African patient was admitted in the emergency department with severe headache, dizziness, and visual problems. He had been treated for hypertension diagnosed eight months ago after a similar episode. He was taking atenolol 100 mg /day, amlodipine 10 mg/day, and a combination of lisinopril 20 mg/hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg daily but experienced several hypertension peaks and hypotension. He adhered to treatment and was neither using traditional herbal medication nor illicit drugs. He did not smoke, but used to drink 1-2 glasses of wine after dinner. At admission, his blood pressure was 235/145 mm of Hg. His body mass index was 25.5 kg/m 2 and the waist/hip ratio was 0.9. Physical examination was unremarkable. Fundoscopic examination revealed hypertensive retinopathy. Biochemical and imaging explorations were compatible with diagnosis of pseudopheochromocytoma. Evolution was favourable after treatment with alpha-1 and beta-blokers.


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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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Online since 20th Sept '07