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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 158-160

Herbal vaginal pessary induced acute renal failure

1 Department of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria
2 Department of Medicine and Pharmacology, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
C O Esume
Department of Pharmacology, Delta State University, Abraka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.59338

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In Africa, the use of traditional herbal remedy is widespread. Acute renal failure (ARF) is one of the most serious complications. The use of herbal remedies (mostly orally) accounts for nearly 35% of all cases of acute renal failure in Africa. Development of renal failure following herbal vaginal pessary is rarely reported. In November 2003, a 35-year-old Nigerian female who is a petty trader and a primary school leaver with three children (all males) presented to us in the renal unit with oliguric ARF induced by herbal vaginal pessary. She had sought this alternative medicine in an attempt to have a female child as all her three children are males. Her condition was managed accordingly and required three sessions of hemodialysis. She started diuresing on the eighth day of admission. This case presentation highlights the potential tragedies of herbal preparation, of note, that herbal vaginal pessaries are as deleterious as the oral preparations, and that the dilemma of ignorance is still prevalent in our society.


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Indian Journal of Nephrology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 20th Sept '07