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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29-33

Carotid intima-media thickness in children with end-stage renal disease on dialysis

1 Department of Pediatric Nephrology, St Alzahra Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Radiology, St Alzahra Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Department of Pediatrics, St Alzahra Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4 IsfahanCardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
A Gheissari
Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Department of Pediatric Nephrology, St. Alzahra Hospital, Isfahan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.62095

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Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are common in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. There is scarce data on carotid and bulb intima-media thickness (IMT-C and IMT-B) as an early marker of atherosclerosis and related factors in children on hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD). Since we did not have enough information about our patients, this study was carried on all ESRD children (hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis) in a referral center. Data was collected from 16 ESRD children under 18 years with seven patients on PD and nine on HD. Lab tests and biochemical parameters including serum von Willebrand factor (vWF), homocystein, apo lipoprotein A, apo lipoprotein B and quantitative CRP were measured in fasting patients just before initiating dialysis. IMT-C and IMT-B were measured by gray scale ultrasound using 7.5 MHZ probe. The mean of age was 12.76 ± 4.5 years. The mean duration of dialysis in HD and PD patients were not significantly different; 11.88 ± 3.25 months and 10.14 ± 2.4 months respectively. Mean of systolic blood pressure in HD group was significantly higher than PD group, 135.55 ± 25.54 mmHg versus 121.42 ± 12.14 mmHg, P < 0.05. Significant differences among all following parameters in ESRD patients, with normal laboratory values, were clarified: cholesterol, triglycerides, apo A, apo B, quantitative CRP, VWF, homocystein and IMT-C. However, we could not demonstrate any difference between IMT-B in case and control group. After adjusting for age, partial correlation showed significant correlation between IMT-C and following factors: N-PTH and serum alkaline phosphatase. Longitudinal studies with large size samples are needed to clarify the contributing factors with intima-media thickness in ESRD children.


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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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Online since 20th Sept '07