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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 72-75

A follow-up study of children with posterior urethral valve


SAT Hospital, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, India

Correspondence Address:
S Uthup
SAT Hospital, Govt. Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.65298

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There are not many studies on long term follow up of children following surgery for posterior urethral valve in India. This study was done to assess the growth and renal function of children who had completed five years after surgery for posterior urethral valve at our hospital. Thirty children were included in this study. They were assessed retrospectively for the age and pattern of presentation, time of surgery and outcome. Outcomes measured were stunting, renal failure (GFR, tubular functions) and bladder functions. Fifty per cent of children were symptomatic five years after surgery with enuresis, dribbling, polyuria and recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI). GFR was <60 ml/m/1.73 m 2 in 33%. Growth failure, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) definition, was present in one-third of children. A low GFR was associated with growth failure. Poor bladder function evidenced by history of dribbling and significant residual urine was seen in one-third of patients. Residual hydronephrosis was seen in 74%. The most common presenting symptoms of PUV were poor urinary stream followed by recurrent UTI, poor weight gain, renal failure and abdominal mass. Eighty per cent of the study population had undergone surgery in infancy. Five years after surgery, 50% children were symptomatic; 30% had stunting. 33% had a GFR <60 ml/m/1.73 m 2 and a significantly greater degree of stunting than those with GFR >60 ml/m/1.73 m 2 . Sonologically normal kidneys on follow-up were associated with a GFR above 60 ml/m/1.73 m 2 . Poor bladder function was present in 30% of the children. Univariate analysis showed that statistically significant risk factors for decline in GFR in this study are oligohydramnios and surgery beyond the neonatal period.






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Indian Journal of Nephrology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 20th Sept '07