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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 84-88

Percutaneous nephrostomy by direct puncture technique: An observational study

1 Department of Radiodiagnosis, Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (IPGMER), Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Radiotherapy, NRS Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
R K Aich
Simultala, Agarpara, 24 Parganas, Kolkata, West Bengal - 700 109
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.65301

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Percutaneous nephrostomy is the procedure of establishing a temporary drainage tract of the renal pelvi-calyceal system through the skin. This study aims to find out whether low cost trocar catheter can be a suitable substitute for the relatively high cost fluoroscopy/ultrasonography guided tract dilatation and tube insertion procedure. Percutaneous nephrostomy by the trocar catheter was performed in 126 patients. Under local anesthesia, a stab wound deep enough to traverse the muscle layer was made through which the trocar - catheter drainage set was inserted under ultrasonography guidance. About 179 procedures were performed in 126 patients. Primary technical success rate was 94%, major complication rate 1.6%, minor complication rate 11% and catheter related complications like catheter blockage or dislodgement were 13%. There was no procedure related mortality in our series. The ultrasonography-guided trocar, catheter nephrostomy, is a quick, safe and low cost procedure in selected cases of upper urinary tract obstruction. The primary technical success and complication rates are comparable to any other reported procedure and its low cost is particularly suitable for developing countries like India.


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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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Online since 20th Sept '07