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LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 468-469
 

Guidewire fragmentation complicating hemodialysis catheter insertion


1 Department of Anesthesiology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Luckow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Critical Care Medicine, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Luckow, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Date of Web Publication24-Oct-2013

Correspondence Address:
S Samanta
New PG Hostel, Room No. 218, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow - 226 014, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.120354

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How to cite this article:
Haldar R, Samanta S, Samanta S. Guidewire fragmentation complicating hemodialysis catheter insertion. Indian J Nephrol 2013;23:468-9

How to cite this URL:
Haldar R, Samanta S, Samanta S. Guidewire fragmentation complicating hemodialysis catheter insertion. Indian J Nephrol [serial online] 2013 [cited 2022 Jun 24];23:468-9. Available from: https://www.indianjnephrol.org/text.asp?2013/23/6/468/120354


Sir,

A 49-year-old (96 kg) female renal transplant recipient patient presented with the chronic graft rejection and imminent sepsis and was posted for hemodialysis. She was restless, had a short neck and had a platelet count of 47 × 10 3 /μl. Two blind anatomical landmark attempts were under taken by the nephrologists in the right and left internal jugular veins (one on each side), but they were unable to pass the guidewire due to the difficult anatomy and patient's restlessness. The procedure was abandoned and intensivist assistance was sought. Under ultrasonography (USG) guidance, the femoral vein was localized and punctured and the guide wire used in the previous two attempts was passed in the vessel. The double lumen Hemo Dialysis Catheter (MAHURKAR TM , Mansfield, USA) was railroaded over the guide wire into the vessel. During removal of the guide wire mild resistance was felt, but upon application of traction, the guide wire could be pulled out. When aspiration of the port of HDC was carried out, it was found that the venous blood backflow was absent. The position of the HDC was again confirmed with USG and it was found to be inside the vessel. Finding no cause for absent flow, the HDC was removed under USG guidance. Upon removal, it was observed that a portion of the distal end of the guide wire was attached to the distal opening of the catheter [Figure 1] blocking it. Close examination of the guide wire revealed that the guide wire had fragmented cleanly in two pieces. A new HDC set was taken and the USG guided procedure was repeated and this time, the HDC could be placed uneventfully.
Figure 1: Deformed smaller fragment guide wire stuck in to dialysis catheter tip

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Though previous reports of the guide wire fracture have been attributed to faulty design (material weakness or fatigue) [1] or introducer needle injury, [2] in our case the two previous attempts of passing the guide wire may have injured and weakened its core as well as outer coil wire and during its forceful retrieval, it had got sheared off. However, the broken and deformed end had remained attached with the catheter thus, preventing disastrous complications such as embolism, perforation, sepsis, endocarditis, and cardiac arrest. [3] Smaller broken end lost its J shaped due to forward migration of the corewire. In this case guidewire (J tip) may have anchored into tributaries of the femoral vein leading to resistance during the retrieval. Intact guidewire is usually not damaged by relatively small traction during catheter insertion. Core and outer layer of the guide wire fragmented near the J tip in our case, which suggested of it's material weakness, fatigue or manufacturing defects. Through this correspondence, we would like to emphasize that whenever unusual resistance is encountered during the guide wire removal, application of force should be avoided. Both the guide wire as well as the catheter should be pulled out together to minimize the risk of the guide wire shearing off and migration. If USG or fluoroscopy is available stuck guidewire should be removed under radiological guidance.

 
  References Top

1.Monaca E, Trojan S, Lynch J, Doehn M, Wappler F. Broken guide wire - A fault of design? Can J Anaesth 2005;52:801-4.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.Park SK, Yi IK, Lee JH, Kim DH, Lee SY. Fracture of J-tipped guidewire during central venous catheterization and its successful removal under fluoroscopic guidance: A case report. Korean J Anesthesiol 2012;63:457-60.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.Fisher RG, Ferreyro R. Evaluation of current techniques for nonsurgical removal of intravascular iatrogenic foreign bodies. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1978;130:541-8.  Back to cited text no. 3
    


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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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