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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 291-296

Protective effects of Cornus mas fruit extract on carbon tetrachloride induced nephrotoxicity in rats


1 Liver and Gastrointestinal Diseases Research Center, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
3 Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Urmia, Urmia, Iran
5 Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
6 Neurosciences Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
N Banihabib
Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.133000

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Oxidative damage is implicated in the pathogenesis of kidney injury. Cornus mas is used for in renal aliments traditionally in Iran. The present study was aimed to investigate the antioxidant activity of C. mas fruit extract (CMFE) on carbon tetrachloride (CCl 4 ) treated oxidative stress in Wistar albino rats. Forty two male albino rats were divided into seven groups. Group I served as a sham; Group II served as a normal control; Group III served as a toxic control, with CCl 4 ( 1 ml/kg body weight; 80% in olive oil); Groups IV and V received CMFE at doses of 300 and 700 mg/kg before CCl 4 injection; Groups VI and VII received extract at same doses orally at 2, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h after CCl 4 intoxication. CCl 4 injection produced a significant rise in serum markers of oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation product malondialdehyde along with the reduction of antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismuta, catalase and glutathion peroxidase. Serum creatinine, urea and uric acid concentrations were increased whereas level of protein and albumin were reduced. Treatment of rats with different doses of fruit extract (300 and 700 mg/kg) significantly (P < 0.05) ameliorated the alterations induced with CCl 4 in lipid peroxidation, antioxidant defenses, biochemical and renal lesions. Based on these results, we conclude that CMFE protects kidney from oxidative stress induced by CCl 4 .






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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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Online since 20th Sept '07