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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 51-57

Hemodialysis outcomes and practice patterns in end-stage renal disease: Experience from a Tertiary Care Hospital in Kerala

1 Department of Nephrology, EMS Memorial Cooperative Hospital and Research Centre, Malappuram, Kerala, India
2 Department of Physiology, MES Medical College, Malappuram, Kerala, India
3 Department of Nephrology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Kochi, Kerala, India
4 Senior Consultant, Nephrology, CoE Nephrology and Urology, Aster Medicity, Kochi, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
G R Lakshminarayana
Consultant Nephrologist, EMS Memorial Cooperative Hospital and Research Centre, Perinthalmanna, Malappuram - 679 322, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.177210

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This study was planned to analyze the hemodialysis practice patterns from a tertiary care referral centre as there is very limited data from India. All patients of ESRD on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) in dialysis unit at AIMS, Kochi, Kerala for a minimum period of 3 months were included. A total of 134 patients (M: F 2:1) with age of 20 to 84 years (Mean: 59.83; SD: 11.98) were studied. The most common causes of ESRD in study population were diabetic nephropathy (DN) (59.7%) followed by unclassified group (19.4%), chronic glomerulonephritis (CGN) (11.9%). Majority (81%) were initiated on MHD through temporary vascular access on emergency basis. Majority (79%) of the patients were on twice weekly MHD. The range of eGFR (ml/min/1.73 m2) at the time of initiation of MHD was 1.26-11.78 by CG formula and 2.18-16.4 by MDRD equation. The mean duration on hemodialysis was 37.16 months and 50.7% patients had died during the follow-up period (3-108 months). The mean survival time on hemodialysis was 40.31 months (SD = 26.69). The mean survival time was lower in diabetic nephropathy (35.93 months) than in non-diabetic renal disease (47.46 months). The most common causes of deaths were cardiovascular events (51.5%), and infections (26.5%). In conclusion, males outnumbered females, among those on hemodialysis. There was no significant difference in eGFR at initiation of MHD based on etiologies. Initiation of MHD via temporary access, presence of LVH, acute coronary syndrome, use of acetate dialysate, need for parenteral iron therapy had impact on mortality. Survival rates while on hemodialysis at end 1st, 3rd, 5th and 7th years were 87.31, 45.52, 21.64 and 7.46 percentages respectively.


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Indian Journal of Nephrology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 20th Sept '07