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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 257-264

Fluoroquinolones and BK virus nephropathy: A myth or a reality

1 Diaverum Prince Abdul Majeed Renal Centre, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Urology, Institute of Kidney Disease, Peshawar, KPK, Pakistan
3 Department Nephrology, RIPAS Hospital, Bander Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam
4 Department of Nephrology and Transplantation, King Salman Armed Forces Hospital, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
M. A. M Khalil
Diaverum Prince Abdul Majeed Renal Centre, Jeddah
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijn.IJN_251_17

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BK polyomavirus (BKV) is a challenging problem for the transplant nephrologist. Various strategies have been used to prevent or treat BK virus nephropathy (BKVN). These include reduction in immunosuppression, intravenous immune globulin, cidofovir, leflunomide, and the fluoroquinolone antibiotics. All these agents have their own toxicities. Great interest was shown to use fluoroquinolones to prevent BKVN after its useful experience was reported in bone marrow transplant. Fluoroquinolones being cheap and easily available, attracted nephrologists to use it, for prevention of BKVN. These agents have been shown in vitro studies to be effective. However, there are mixed results about their effectiveness in prevention of BKVN in clinical setting. This review will focus the evidence available for using fluoroquinolones in prevention of BKVN and its usefulness. Furthermore, a way forward to use these agents or not for prevention of BKVN will also be discussed.


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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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Online since 20th Sept '07