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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 358-364

Kidney transplantation with ABO-incompatible donors: A comparison with matched ABO compatible donor transplants

Department of Nephrology, Muljibhai Patel Urological Hospital, Nadiad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Aniketh Prabhakar
Department of Nephrology, Mulijibhai Patel Urological Hospital, Nadiad - 387 001, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijn.IJN_206_20

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Introduction: ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation (ABOiKTx) expands the living donor pool. There is limited long-term outcome data from India especially in comparison with ABO-compatible kidney transplantation (ABOcKTx). Here we report outcomes of the first 100 ABOiKTx compared to ABOcKTx from our center. Methods: Between August 2013 and December 2019, 100 consecutive ABOiKTx were compared with 100 ABOcKTx done during the same period.Controls were matched for age, donor characteristics, HLA mismatches, and date of transplantation. Results: Mean (SD) follow up period was 25.9 ± 20.5 and 27.2 ± 20.6 months in ABOi and ABOcKTx respectively. Patient survival at 1 and 5 years post-transplant was 93.3 and 73.5% vs. 95.4 and 93% (P = 0.03), while graft survival rates were 85 and 60% vs. 93.1 and 83% in ABOi and ABOcKTx respectively (P = 0.03). The incidence of antibody-mediated rejections was 15% vs. 4%, and that of T-cell-mediated rejections was 10 vs. 12% respectively. Infections, malignancies, and surgical complications were similar. Level of anti ABO titers, HLA mismatches, recipient age, donor age, and presence of diabetes did not impact graft survival amongst ABOiKTx. The predicted survival and incidence of acute rejections and infections in the later 50 ABOiKTx transplants were better than the first 50 ABOiKTx when compared to their respective controls. Conclusion: Outcomes of ABOiKTx were inferior to ABOcKTx but tends to improve as more experience is gained. Incidence of ABMR was higher but infections and surgical complications were comparable.This data provides evidence that ABOiKTx is viable option for those without a ABO compatible donor.


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Indian Journal of Nephrology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 20th Sept '07