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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 116-126

Induction therapy and outcomes following kidney transplantation in recipients of previous heart or liver transplants

1 Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Medicine Institute, Allegheny General Hospital, Allegheny Health Network, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology, David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, CA, USA

Correspondence Address:
Kalathil K Sureshkumar
Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Allegheny General Hospital, 320 East North Avenue, Pittsburgh - 15212, PA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijn.IJN_183_20

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Introduction: Optimal induction for kidney transplantation in patients with previous nonrenal organ transplantation is unclear. We aimed to evaluate the impact of induction therapy on the outcomes following kidney transplantation in patients who underwent prior heart or liver transplantation. Methods: Using the UNOS database, patients who underwent isolated heart or liver transplant from 2000 to 2016 followed by subsequent kidney transplant and maintained on calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)/mycophenolic acid (MPA) regimen were identified and stratified into three groups according to the induction used for kidney transplant: No induction, induction with interleukin-2 receptor antibody (IL-2RA), or T-cell depleting induction with Thymoglobulin. The outcomes were compared between no induction vs. IL-2RA and T-cell depleting induction, and IL-2RA vs. T-cell depleting induction. Results: Adjusted risk for delayed graft function was significantly higher for T-cell depleting vs. no induction (OR 4.56, 95% CI 1.14–18.3, P = 0.03) and trended higher for IL-2RA vs. no induction (OR 2.96, 95% CI 0.84–10.33, P = 0.08) among kidney after heart group and significantly higher for T-cell depleting vs. no induction (OR 2.88, 95% CI 1.40–5.95, P = 0.004) and IL-2RA induction (OR 1.88, 95% CI 1.12–3.17, P = 0.02) among kidney after liver patients. Adjusted graft failure and patient death risks were similar in patients who got IL-2RA or depleting inductions vs. no induction and IL-2RA vs. depleting induction groups in kidney after heart and kidney after liver groups. Conclusions: The use of induction was not associated with graft or patient survival benefits for kidney transplantation in patients who had prior heart or liver transplants and maintained on CNI and MPA regimen.


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Indian Journal of Nephrology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 20th Sept '07