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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 151-155

Whole slide imaging vs eyeballing: The future in quantification of tubular atrophy in routine clinical practice

1 Department of Histopathology, Apollo Hospitals, Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Final year MBBS student, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Swarnalata Gowrishankar
Department of Histopathology, Apollo Hospitals, Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad – 500 096, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijn.IJN_333_20

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Introduction: Histologic assessment of interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy is an accepted method of assessing chronic damage to the kidney and correlates with renal function in native and allograft renal biopsies. The challenge, however, is to quantify the interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy with accuracy and to minimize the inter-observer variability. Though “eyeballing” on light microscopy is the most commonly practised method used for the quantification of tubular atrophy, it may not be very accurate. To complement this method, Whole Slide Imaging (WSI) techniques that have more accurate results and have a higher reproducibility can be used. There is not much data on the correlation of the results obtained by the 'eyeballing' technique with those by digital WSI. Methods: Tubular atrophy in 151 consecutive adequate native kidney biopsies were graded 0 to III by 'conventional' eyeballing by a single experienced renal pathologist. These results were compared with the grades obtained on the same cases by WSI and digital marking of the atrophy. Results: The concordance of the two groups in the entire cohort was only 66.2% with over grading in 30.4% and under grading in 3.3%. Whilst accuracy of grading was over 74% in all grades, the sensitivity in grades I and II were low at 52% and 47.3% respectively as was the positive predictive value at 32.5 and 44% respectively. Conclusion: Assessment of tubular atrophy on digital images will be the way forward for accurate quantification.


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Indian Journal of Nephrology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 20th Sept '07