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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 164-167

Kidney transplantation in sickle cell disease patients: Case series and experience from a Nigerian kidney transplant center

1 Urology and Kidney Transplant Unit, Abuja, Nigeria
2 Nephrology Unit, Zenith Medical and Kidney Center, Gudu, Abuja, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Martin Igbokwe
Urology and Kidney Transplant Unit, Zenith Medical and Kidney Center, Gudu, Abuja
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijn.IJN_28_20

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Sickle cell nephropathy is one of the long-term complications of sickle cell disease (SCD). About a quarter of SCD patients who survive up to 40 years of age will require some form of renal replacement therapy in their lifetime. Organ transplantation in SCD patients poses great challenges, particularly in lower middle income countries (LMIC) like Nigeria. This report highlights the management of three SCD patients who successfully underwent renal transplantation. The patients were aged 39, 47, and 58 years, respectively, with similarly previous history of multiple blood transfusions, recurrent vaso-occlusive crises, and had all progressed to end-stage renal disease. Preoperative exchange blood transfusion and plasmapheresis were offered in one and two of the patients, respectively. One of them required preoperative vaccination against encapsulated organisms due to autosplenectomy. Antithymocyte globulin was used as induction therapy in two of these patients while basiliximab was used in the third. All patients are alive with good renal function 18, 24, and 48 months post transplantation, respectively. In conclusion, kidney transplantation can be safely carried out on SCD patients with a satisfactory outcome.


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Indian Journal of Nephrology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 20th Sept '07