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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 531-538

Current status and future of artificial kidney in humans

1 Department of Urology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Nephrology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Nitin K Bajpai
Department of Nephrology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijn.ijn_240_21

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The number of patients needing renal replacement therapy (RRT) is increasing rapidly with an increase in lifestyle diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and metabolic syndrome. Kidney transplantation, whenever feasible, is the most preferred mode of RRT. However, there is a growing shortage of donor kidneys for transplantation. While dialysis is partially able to perform the filtration and excretion function of the kidneys, it is still not able to perform the other renal tubular and endocrine functions of a normal kidney and has quality-of-life issues with significant long-term morbidity. The need of the hour is to develop an ideal artificial kidney that would be wearable or implantable and would be able to perform the complete excretory, filtration, tubular, endocrine, and metabolic functions of the kidney while preserving the quality of life and minimizing complications. In this review, we discuss the characteristics of an ideal artificial kidney, the challenges of developing such a device, a brief description of the past and current work on this topic, and what the artificial kidney of the future should look like.


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Indian Journal of Nephrology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 20th Sept '07