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Official publication of the Indian Society of Nephrology
 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Ahead of Print

Immunoadsorption column reuse


1 Department of Nephrology, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Nephrology, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Vaibhav Tiwari,
Department of Nephrology, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Old Rajinder Nagar, New Delhi - 110 060
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijn.IJN_373_19

Introduction: Selective immunoadsorption (IA) is a technique to remove preformed Anti-ABO antibodies in ABO-incompatible renal transplants (ABOiRT). Since the cost of a single IA column is high and single use rarely achieves the target anti-ABO titers, its use is not widely spread. We studied the safety and efficacy of the reuse of IA columns in ABOiRT. Methods: Single-center, retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent ABOiRT with IA column reuse from January 2016 to July 2018. The column was reused after sterilization with ethylene oxide and flushed with normal saline before use. Target titers (IgG) were 1:4 preoperatively. Baseline IgG titers, plasma volume processed in each session, postoperative titer rebound were recorded. The primary outcome was IgG titer reduction after each use and adverse reaction during the IA column reuse. Patients were followed up until 1 year. Results: 16 patients underwent ABOiRT using IA columns. Baseline IgG titer ranged from 1:32 to 1:512. Reuse of IA column was done 23 times and underwent 2nd reuse for 9 times. The average plasma volume treated was 22 L. Efficacy of the IA column in log titer reduction of anti-ABO titer was 4 logs after the first use, 3 logs after 1st reuse, and 1.5 logs after 2nd reuse. 12 (75%) patients successfully reached the target IgG titer of ≤1:4 solely with column reuse. One patient received a single session of plasma exchange before transplantation. Postoperatively, one patient received one session of plasma exchange due to a rebound in anti-ABO antibodies. No serious side effects were noted during the reuse. Conclusion: IA column reuse up to two times showed efficacy in the successful reduction of antibody titers. Column reuse was not associated with any significant side effects.


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    -  Tiwari V
    -  Gupta A
    -  Divyaveer S
    -  Bhargava V
    -  Malik M
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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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