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Outcomes of kidney transplantation in the elderly recipients

 Department of nephrology, Sir ganga ram hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Vinant Bhargava,
Department of Nephrology Institute of Renal Science, Sir Gangaram Hospital, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijn.IJN_289_20

Introduction: In a developing country with a predominantly young population, the valid assumption is directed toward medical care toward the young. However, as medical technology has advanced, quality care has ensured better survival for the elderly population also. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical outcomes in elderly patients undergoing kidney transplantation. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of 1150 patients who had undergone live related renal transplantation was done from January 2006 to December 2014. These patients were divided into two groups; Group 1: age >60 years (N = 150), Group 2: age 18–60 years (N = 1000). The clinical outcomes were compared. Results: The mean age in Group 1 was 69 ± 7.5 years (SD ± 7.5), and group 2 was 41 ± 8 years. In groups 1 and 2, males were 80% and 82%; death censored graft survival at 5 years was 82% and 87%; patient survival at 5 years was 86% and 94%, respectively. The incidence of biopsy-proven acute rejection was similar in both groups (11.3 vs. 10.2%, P = 0.12). Urinary tract infection was the most common infectious complication. Sepsis was the primary cause of death in both groups. Conclusion: In the elderly patients who underwent kidney transplantation, satisfactory graft function, and patient survival were maintained over a period of 60 months. Urinary tract infections were common, and sepsis was the most common cause of death with a surviving allograft. The acute rejection and mortality rates were comparable to the literature published from India so far.

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