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Clinical profile and outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in patients undergoing hemodialysis

 Institute of Nephrology, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Govindasamy Nithya,
Institute of Nephrology, Rajiv Gandhi Government General Hospital, Park Town, Chennai - 600 003, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijn.IJN_511_20

Introduction: Several months into the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, there remains a paucity of data on the behavior of the disease in patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). Here, we describe the clinical presentations, biochemical profile, and outcomes of 183 such patients from a large tertiary-care center in South India. Materials and Methods: This prospective, observational study, included all patients with COVID-19 and ESKD who received at least one session of hemodialysis at our center, from the start of the outbreak to July 9, 2020. Clinical features at presentation, laboratory and radiological data, and outcomes were analyzed. Results: A total of 183 patients were included in the analysis. Patients who had symptoms at presentation accounted for 49.18% of the cohort, with the most common symptoms being fever (87.1%), cough (67.7%), and breathlessness (63.4%). Factors independently associated with mortality on univariate analysis included age ≥60 years, having symptoms at presentation, neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio >6, C-reactive protein >20 mg/L, serum lactate dehydrogenase >250 IU/L, CT (computed tomography) Grades 3 and 4, and the need for respiratory support. However, on multivariate logistic regression analysis, the only factor that retained significance was an age >60 years. Conclusions: This analysis confirms the previous reports of higher COVID-19-related mortality in the dialysis population and identifies older age, higher inflammatory markers, and greater degrees of radiological lung involvement to correlate with increased mortality.

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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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