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Official publication of the Indian Society of Nephrology
 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Ahead of Print

Outcome of COVID-19 in kidney transplant patients from Eastern India: A single center study


1 Department of Nephrology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India

Correspondence Address:
Amresh Krishna,
Room No.: 14, Department of Nephrology, Old Administrative Block, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna - 800 014, Bihar
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijn.ijn_385_21

Introduction: COVID-19 in kidney transplant recipients (KTR) had been associated with high incidence of acute kidney injury and higher mortality. Management of these patients is still evolving. Methods: A retrospective observational study was done that included all KTR aged ≥18 years and ≤65 years who had COVID-19 diagnosis via RTPCR test between 1 June 2020 and 30 May 2021. Severity of COVID-19 was determined as per the guidelines given by Government of India. Acute kidney injury was defined according to KDIGO guideline. Data was collected and analyzed using SPSS version 16.0 (Chicago, SPSS Inc.). Results: Out of 34 patients, 29 were men. Median age of patients was 39.9 years and median time since transplantation was 34 months. Presenting symptoms were fever (100%), cough (79.4%), gastrointestinal symptoms (23.5%), and dysgeusia/anosmia (23.5%). COVID-19 was severe in 17.6%, moderately severe in 32.4%, and mild in 50% of patients. Time since transplantation, duration of symptoms, hospital stay and inflammatory markers like CRP, LDH, ferritin and d-dimer were significantly associated with disease severity (P < 0.05). Steroids were increased in 55%, antiproliferative agents stopped in 97%, and calcineurin inhibitors stopped in 26% of patients. 70.6% of the patients were managed in home isolation. Acute kidney injury occurred in 58.8% cases. 75% of the AKI patients recovered by 28 days after discharge. Conclusion: Our study showed that outcome of COVID-19 in kidney transplant patients was reasonably good.


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