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Letter to the Editor
34 (
2
); 201-202
doi:
10.4103/ijn.ijn_260_23

Increased Uptake of Peritoneal Dialysis after Inclusion of Peritoneal Dialysis in Mukhyamantri Vishesh Swasthya Sahayata Yojana in Chhattisgarh

Department of Nephrology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
Department of Urology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
Senior Scientist, Virology Lab, Department of Microbiology, Pt. JNM Medical College, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
Department of Community Medicine, Pt. JNM, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
Corresponding author: Dr. Vinay Rathore, Assistant Professor, Department of Nephrology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India. E-mail: vinayrathoremd@gmail.com
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How to cite this article: Kumar AV, Rathore V, Badge R, Sharma A, Singh N, Jain K. Increased Uptake of Peritoneal Dialysis after Inclusion of Peritoneal Dialysis in Mukhyamantri Vishesh Swasthya Sahayata Yojana in Chhattisgarh. Indian J Nephrol. 2024;34:201–2. doi: 10.4103/ijn.ijn_260_23

Dear Editor,

In a mature healthcare system, all three renal replacement therapy (RRT) modalities, hemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD), and renal transplant, should be integrated. However, HD is the predominant mode of RRT in India.1 RRT is costly and creates a substantial financial burden on the families.2 The Pradhan Mantri National Dialysis Program (PMNDP) launched in 2016 resulted in availability of HD in many district hospitals. Despite having similar outcome, PD had received less attention. PD was included in PMNDP in 2019.3

The government of Chhattisgarh, under its flagship program Mukhyamantri Vishesh Swasthya Sahayata Yojana (MVSSY), had included continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) in May 2022.4 This led to the generation of two codes for CAPD under Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY), namely, MG066CG (30,000/- INR for catheter insertion) and MG067CG (22,000/- INR per month for CAPD fluid). All India Institute of Medical Sciences-Raipur (AIIMS-R) was selected to implement the program.

The inclusion of PD in the scheme led to increased uptake of CAPD [Figure 1]. Forty new ESRD patients have been initiated on CAPD within 6 months of the inclusion of CAPD in MVSSY. Table 1 shows the characteristics and short-term outcomes of CAPD before and after inclusion in the scheme. There has been an increase in CAPD patients from rural areas and lower socioeconomic classes. The peritonitis rate has not increased.

Figure 1:
Number of patients initiated on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis at AIIMS-Raipur. CAPD: continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, MVSSY: Mukhyamantri Vishesh Swasthya Sahayata Yojana.
Table 1: Characteristics and short-term outcomes of patients undergoing CAPD before and after inclusion in the program
Characteristics Before the inclusion of CAPD in MVSSY (n=55) After the inclusion of CAPD in MVSSY (n=40)
Age (years) 47.4±16.3 46.5±18.2
Female (n, %) 18 (32.7%) 13 (32.5%)
Rural 19 (34.5%) 21 (52.5%)
Education (n, %)
  Illiterate 5 (9%) 4 (10%)
  Primary/secondary 9 (16%) 9 (22%)
  Higher secondary 16 (29%) 14 (35%)
  Graduate and above 25 (45%) 13 (32.5%)
Socioeconomic status
  Upper class 16 (29%) 5 (12.5%)
  Upper middle 15 (29%) 6 (15%)
  Middle 8 (14.5%) 11 (27.5%)
  Lower middle 9 (16.3%) 6 (15%)
  Lower 7 (12.7%) 12 (30%)
Source of finance for CAPD
  Self 35 (63.6%) 1 (2.5%)
  Insurance/CGHS 15 (27.3%) 0
  MVSSY/AB-PMJAY 0 39 (97.5%)
Reason for opting PD
  Personal preference 33 (60.0%) 33 (82.5%)
  Lack of access to HD 10 (18.1%) 2 (5.0%)
  Lack of vascular access 12 (21.8%) 5 (12.5%)
Peritonitis
  Episode of peritonitis (n) 23 5
  No of patients developing peritonitis (n, %) 16 (29.1%) 4 (10.0%)
  Peritonitis rate (episodes/patient-years) 0.40 0.47
  Switch to HD (n, %) 4 (7%) 1 (2%)
Reason for switch to HD
  Financial 3 (75%) 0
  Peritonitis 1 (25%) 1 (100%)

AB-PMJAY=Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana, CAPD=Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, CGHS=Central Government Health Scheme, HD=Hemodialysis, MVSSY=Mukhyamantri Vishesh Swasthya Sahayata Yojana, PD=Peritoneal dialysis

PD continues to be underutilized despite being a cost-saving option.5 Cost of the consumables and noninclusion in government programs are the major reasons. The inclusion of PD in MVSSY seems to address this issue. However, MVSSY currently provides 22,000/- INR per month for CAPD bags based on estimates of PMNDP guidelines for establishing PD services of 2019, which might need rationalization to prevent out-of-pocket expenditure to the patients.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

References

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  4. . . :1-2. Available from: https://epaper.navabharat.news/view/22461/rajdhani [Last accessed on 2023 Jun 19]
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